Tuesday, 18 July 2023 00:00

Two Groups of Muscles in the Feet

The feet are responsible for providing balance, mobility, and a steady base for the body. They also serve as shock absorbers while walking and running, and provide cushioning for the body. Each foot has 26 bones, several tendons, ligaments, and muscles that are naturally coordinated to function together. The muscles and tendons are categorized into two groups, labeled intrinsic and extrinsic. The muscles that start in the lower leg and wrap around the ankles before they attach to the foot are called the extrinsic muscles. The other group of muscles that are known as the intrinsic muscles begin and end in the foot. These muscles are layered along the bottom of the foot to form the arch. These groups of muscles work in harmony while walking and running and are not given much thought as it happens naturally. There are abnormal foot structures that can alter the natural alignment of the bones. People who have flat feet, babies that are born with clubfoot, or people who stand for long periods may develop chronic foot conditions. If you would like more information about how the feet are constructed, it is suggested that you speak with a podiatrist.

If you have any concerns about your feet, contact the foot specialists from Table Mountain Foot and Ankle. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Biomechanics in Podiatry

Podiatric biomechanics is a particular sector of specialty podiatry with licensed practitioners who are trained to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the foot, ankle and lower leg. Biomechanics deals with the forces that act against the body, causing an interference with the biological structures. It focuses on the movement of the ankle, the foot and the forces that interact with them.

A History of Biomechanics

  • Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
  • In 1974, biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination in the area.

Modern technological improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes that provide a better understanding of podiatric concepts for biomechanics. Computers can provide accurate information about the forces and patterns of the feet and lower legs.

Understanding biomechanics of the feet can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Wheat Ridge, CO . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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