Arthritis is a painful condition caused by inflammation of the joints. Therefore, arthritis can occur in the joints of the feet and ankles which causes discomfort and stiffness. There are many types of arthritis, most able to occur in the feet and hinder daily activity. The most common types of arthritis that affect the feet are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and posttraumatic arthritis.
Treatments and Daily Options for Easing Pain
Wearing the correct type of footwear can immensely improve your pain symptoms. Shoes should have substantial arch support, as having arthritis in the foot typically causes the joints to move around more. Thus, the support will help to stabilize these joints and be wide enough so that your feet are not rubbing against the shoe in an uncomfortable manner.
Foot Massages and Stretching
Getting a foot massage can greatly improve your pain symptoms. The pressure applied to your muscles and all over your feet can help reduce tension. Foot massages can be done by yourself or you can have a partner do it for you, as professional massages are not necessary. Stretching your feet periodically throughout the day also can help reduce pain. Wiggle your toes while you are relaxing, along with stretching out your Achilles tendons. Stretching also will improve mobility in your feet and joints.
Topical medications, especially ones containing capsaicin (an ingredient known for reducing pain), can help bring pain relief for arthritis. Topical medications can be bought over the counter in several different forms. Lotions, ointments, creams, pads, and gel, all can be forms of this medication depending on preference. Most topical medications can be applied daily or when pain spikes.
Devices such as canes, braces, shoe inserts, and wraps are all options to use for your comfort. Depending on the type of arthritis you have, these devices can help provide stability and support. Talking to your podiatrist can help you determine which device would work best for you.
Over the counter drugs that reduce inflammation can help ease pain, since the joint swelling could be reduced. Ask your doctor which medicine is recommended, but a common household anti-inflammatory drug recommended is Ibuprofen.
There are two main surgery options for those with arthritis: joint fusions and joint replacements. If your joints are moving too much, then the joints can be fused together. If the joints are lacking mobility, joint replacements are an option. The surgery options mainly depend on the type of arthritis you are suffering from. However, surgery for arthritis does not cure it, and pain can come back even after surgery.