Flat Feet: What causes this condition anyways?

Having flat feet, or also known as fallen arches, is a very common foot condition. As given away in the name, it is when someone has lost the arch in their foot to the point the soles of their feet can touch the floor.

The tendons in your foot are tight bands that form these arches, but in people with flat feet, these tendons are not pulling enough to create that arch. This can cause no pain, some pain, or severe pain in people. There is not just one cause to flat feet, however, as a variety of factors can cause it.

Genetics

While infants and toddlers always have flat feet due to arches not being developed yet, flat feet can start to be seen in later childhood. Even if not immediately known, it can be abnormality present from birth.

Damages to the feet

Flat Feet can also be caused from damage or inflammation of your PTT, standing for the posterior tibial tendon. This tendon connects from your lower leg from along your ankle to the middle of the arch. A tear to this tendon can happen from a fall or if your recently broke your ankle. A tear typically causes inflammation, which in turn makes your arch slowly start to fall. A common treatment for damage to the tibial tendon is surgery, especially if they can not heal on their own.

Obesity

Obesity causes gradual stress on the arches of you feet. The arches of our feet absorb most of the shock of our weight when we walk or run, so when there is added weight it increases the strain your arch endures. Therefore, overtime your arches wear down.

The ligaments and tendons become stretched and are no longer held tightly together. The most common and obvious solution to this cause would be to lose weight. The more weight lost, the less your arches and feet in general will have to handle. Another way is to get custom orthotics in order to support your feet.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

This health condition is when the body’s immune system targets joint linings. Therefore, RA can attack the joints in your feet and cause them to be deformed. In turn, your arches will suffer and your feet will eventually become flatter and flatter. While those with RA see a doctor and may take medication, if RA causes flat feet you can ice your feet, rest, do physical therapy, and do shoe inserts as well to help.

Aging Process

With most parts of our body in general, over time performance decreases. This is the same for our arches, especially in someone who is more active. When consistent stress is put on our arches throughout the years, the ligaments and tendons stretch and lose the tightness they once had.

Therefore, the older you get the more you may see your arches fall. The best treatment is to get arch support in your shoes and to be conscious of your activity and the stress you put on your body. Making sure your feet are supported as much as possible can do a whole lot in reducing pain and keeping your arches up.

If you are experiencing discomfort from flat feet, try to identify the cause or see your doctor. The cause can affect what treatment steps you take, but getting orthotics is always a good option because it supports the arches in your feet. Getting these shoe inserts not only helps prevent fallen arches, but also help relieve pain for those who already suffer from it.